Tomb of Mayan prince discovered in Mexico
|A cup from the prince's tomb [Credit: Archeological Project UXul/U of Bonn]|
Lavish burial offerings
"As part of the 2012 excavation campaign a tomb has been unearthed roughly 1.5 meters below the southern rooms of the K2 building that can be dated back to right after the end of the influence of Calakmul and where a prince most likely was buried. Inscriptions on various containers found in the burial tomb chamber point to this fact," explains Dr. Delvendahl. The walls of the vault are made of brick and were covered with a corbel vault, typical for the Mayan culture.
|Looking into the grave chamber beneath the royal palace [Credit: Archaeological Project Uxul/University of Bonn]|
Cup with dedication gives away position of the deceased
"There was a simple message on a cup in elegantly modeled hieroglyphics that read: '[This is] the cup of the young man /prince'. And a second modeled container also appears to mention a young man /prince," says Professor Grube. Although these mentions are not definite clues as to the identity of the deceased, the location of the tomb and the absence of certain burial objects like jade jewellery would indicate his position and nevertheless lead us to conclude that the deceased is a young prince who was not in direct line for the throne. The date on one of the cups is 711 AD and the death of the young prince as well as the area of his tomb can be dated back to the first decades of the 8th century. In particular, the exceptionally preserved ceramics make this tomb one of the most significant discoveries of its kind in the entire Mayan Lowlands.
The excavation site is situated close to the border with Guatemala and is being funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG).
Source: Universität Bonn via AlphaGalileo [July 30, 2012]